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Instrument Groupings and Ensembles

Orchestra structure ensemble trio quartet quintet sexet octet big band

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#1 lettuce

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Posted 16 February 2018 - 23:26

INSTRUMENT GROUPING AND ENSEMBLES :

-- WOODWIND COMBINATIONS --

STANDARD WOODWIND TRIOS :

Woodwind trio combination 1 :

Flute
PRACTICAL : C4 - A6 ( 261.626Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST EFFECTIVE : G4 - A6 ( 391.995Hz -  1760.00Hz )

Oboe
MOST EFFECTIVE : F4 - F6 ( 349.228Hz - 1396.91Hz )
PRACTICAL : F4 - A6 ( 349.228Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST NOTES POSSIBLE : Bb3 - A6 ( 233.082Hz - 1760.00Hz )

Clarinet
MOST EFFECTIVE : D3 - C6 ( 146.832Hz - 1046.50Hz )
PRACTICAL : D3 - A6 ( 146.832Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : D3 - D7 ( 146.832Hz - 2349.32Hz )

Woodwind trio combination 2 :

Flute
PRACTICAL : C4 - A6 ( 261.626Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST EFFECTIVE : G4 - A6 ( 391.995Hz -  1760.00Hz )

Oboe
MOST EFFECTIVE : F4 - F6 ( 349.228Hz - 1396.91Hz )
PRACTICAL : F4 - A6 ( 349.228Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST NOTES POSSIBLE : Bb3 - A6 ( 233.082Hz - 1760.00Hz )

Bassoon
PRACTICAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb1 - A4 ( 58.2705Hz - 440.000Hz )
MOST NOTES POSSIBLE : Bb1 - E5 ( 58.2705Hz - 659.255Hz )

Woodwind trio combination 3 :

Oboe
MOST EFFECTIVE : F4 - F6 ( 349.228Hz - 1396.91Hz )
PRACTICAL : F4 - A6 ( 349.228Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST NOTES POSSIBLE : Bb3 - A6 ( 233.082Hz - 1760.00Hz )

Clarinet
MOST EFFECTIVE : D3 - C6 ( 146.832Hz - 1046.50Hz )
PRACTICAL : D3 - A6 ( 146.832Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : D3 - D7 ( 146.832Hz - 2349.32Hz )

Bassoon
PRACTICAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb1 - A4 ( 58.2705Hz - 440.000Hz )
MOST NOTES POSSIBLE : Bb1 - E5 ( 58.2705Hz - 659.255Hz )


STANDARD WOODWIND QUARTET :

Flute
PRACTICAL : C4 - A6 ( 261.626Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST EFFECTIVE : G4 - A6 ( 391.995Hz -  1760.00Hz )

Oboe
MOST EFFECTIVE : F4 - F6 ( 349.228Hz - 1396.91Hz )
PRACTICAL : F4 - A6 ( 349.228Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST NOTES POSSIBLE : Bb3 - A6 ( 233.082Hz - 1760.00Hz )

Clarinet
MOST EFFECTIVE : D3 - C6 ( 146.832Hz - 1046.50Hz )
PRACTICAL : D3 - A6 ( 146.832Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : D3 - D7 ( 146.832Hz - 2349.32Hz )

Bassoon
PRACTICAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb1 - A4 ( 58.2705Hz - 440.000Hz )
MOST NOTES POSSIBLE : Bb1 - E5 ( 58.2705Hz - 659.255Hz )


STANDARD WOODWIND QUINTET WITH FRENCH HORN :

Flute
MOST EFFECTIVE : G3 - A5 ( 195.998Hz - 880.000Hz )
PRACTICAL : G3 - G6 ( 195.998Hz - 1567.98Hz )

Oboe
MOST EFFECTIVE : F4 - F6 ( 349.228Hz - 1396.91Hz )
PRACTICAL : F4 - A6 ( 349.228Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST NOTES POSSIBLE : Bb3 - A6 ( 233.082Hz - 1760.00Hz )

Clarinet
MOST EFFECTIVE : D2 - C4 ( 73.4162Hz - 261.626Hz )
PRACTICAL : D2 - C5 ( 73.4162Hz - 523.251Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : D2 - F5 ( 73.4162Hz - 698.456Hz )

French horn
MOST EFFECTIVE : F3 - C5 ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
PRACTICAL : F3 - C5  ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : B1 - F5 ( 61.7354Hz - 698.456Hz )

Bassoon
PRACTICAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb1 - A4 ( 58.2705Hz - 440.000Hz )
MOST NOTES POSSIBLE : Bb1 - E5 ( 58.2705Hz - 659.255Hz )


-- BRASS COMBINATIONS --

STANDARD BRASS TRIO :

Trumpet
MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb3 - G6 ( 233.082Hz - 1567.98Hz )
PRACTICAL : Bb3 - Db6 ( 233.082Hz - 1108.73Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : E3 - G6 ( 164.814Hz - 1567.98Hz )

French Horn
MOST EFFECTIVE : F3 - C5 ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
PRACTICAL : F3 - C5  ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : B1 - F5 ( 61.7354Hz - 698.456Hz )

Trombone
PRACTICAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : E2 - G4 ( 82.4069Hz - 391.995Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : G1 - A6 ( 48.9994Hz - 1760.00Hz )

STANDARD BRASS QUARTET :

Trumpet 1
MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb3 - G6 ( 233.082Hz - 1567.98Hz )
PRACTICAL : Bb3 - Db6 ( 233.082Hz - 1108.73Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : E3 - G6 ( 164.814Hz - 1567.98Hz )

Trumpet 2
MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb3 - G6 ( 233.082Hz - 1567.98Hz )
PRACTICAL : Bb3 - Db6 ( 233.082Hz - 1108.73Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : E3 - G6 ( 164.814Hz - 1567.98Hz )

Trombone 1
PRACTICAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : E2 - G4 ( 82.4069Hz - 391.995Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : G1 - A6 ( 48.9994Hz - 1760.00Hz )

Trombone 2
PRACTICAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : E2 - G4 ( 82.4069Hz - 391.995Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : G1 - A6 ( 48.9994Hz - 1760.00Hz )

STANDARD BRASS QUINTET :

Brass quintet combination 1 :

Trumpet 1
MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb3 - G6 ( 233.082Hz - 1567.98Hz )
PRACTICAL : Bb3 - Db6 ( 233.082Hz - 1108.73Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : E3 - G6 ( 164.814Hz - 1567.98Hz )

Trumpet 2
MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb3 - G6 ( 233.082Hz - 1567.98Hz )
PRACTICAL : Bb3 - Db6 ( 233.082Hz - 1108.73Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : E3 - G6 ( 164.814Hz - 1567.98Hz )

Trombone 1
PRACTICAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : E2 - G4 ( 82.4069Hz - 391.995Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : G1 - A6 ( 48.9994Hz - 1760.00Hz )

Trombone 2
PRACTICAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : E2 - G4 ( 82.4069Hz - 391.995Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : G1 - A6 ( 48.9994Hz - 1760.00Hz )

French Horn
MOST EFFECTIVE : F3 - C5 ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
PRACTICAL : F3 - C5  ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : B1 - F5 ( 61.7354Hz - 698.456Hz )

Brass quintet combination 2 :

Trumpet 1
MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb3 - G6 ( 233.082Hz - 1567.98Hz )
PRACTICAL : Bb3 - Db6 ( 233.082Hz - 1108.73Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : E3 - G6 ( 164.814Hz - 1567.98Hz )

Trumpet 2
MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb3 - G6 ( 233.082Hz - 1567.98Hz )
PRACTICAL : Bb3 - Db6 ( 233.082Hz - 1108.73Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : E3 - G6 ( 164.814Hz - 1567.98Hz )

French Horn
MOST EFFECTIVE : F3 - C5 ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
PRACTICAL : F3 - C5  ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : B1 - F5 ( 61.7354Hz - 698.456Hz )

Trombone
PRACTICAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : E2 - G4 ( 82.4069Hz - 391.995Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : G1 - A6 ( 48.9994Hz - 1760.00Hz )

Tuba
MOST EFFECTIVE : F1 - F3 ( 43.6535Hz - 174.614Hz )
PRACTICAL : F1 - Bb3 ( 43.6535Hz - 233.082Hz )


-- STRING COMBINATIONS --

STANDARD STRING TRIOS :

String trio combination 1 :

Violin
CONCERT RANGE : G3 - C#6 ( 195.998Hz - 1108.73Hz )

Viola
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F#5 ( 130.813Hz - 739.989Hz )

Cello
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F5 ( 130.813Hz - 698.456Hz )

String trio combination 2 :

Violin 1
CONCERT RANGE : G3 - C#6 ( 195.998Hz - 1108.73Hz )

Violin 2
CONCERT RANGE : G3 - C#6 ( 195.998Hz - 1108.73Hz )

Viola
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F#5 ( 130.813Hz - 739.989Hz )

STANDARD STRING QUARTET :

Violin 1
CONCERT RANGE : G3 - C#6 ( 195.998Hz - 1108.73Hz )

Violin 2
CONCERT RANGE : G3 - C#6 ( 195.998Hz - 1108.73Hz )

Viola
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F#5 ( 130.813Hz - 739.989Hz )

Cello
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F5 ( 130.813Hz - 698.456Hz )

STANDARD STRING QUINTET :

String quintet combination 1 :

Violin 1
CONCERT RANGE : G3 - C#6 ( 195.998Hz - 1108.73Hz )

Violin 2
CONCERT RANGE : G3 - C#6 ( 195.998Hz - 1108.73Hz )

Viola 1
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F#5 ( 130.813Hz - 739.989Hz )

Viola 2
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F#5 ( 130.813Hz - 739.989Hz )

Cello
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F5 ( 130.813Hz - 698.456Hz )

String quintet combination 2 :

Violin 1
CONCERT RANGE : G3 - C#6 ( 195.998Hz - 1108.73Hz )

Violin 2
CONCERT RANGE : G3 - C#6 ( 195.998Hz - 1108.73Hz )

Viola
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F#5 ( 130.813Hz - 739.989Hz )

Cello 1
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F5 ( 130.813Hz - 698.456Hz )

Cello 2
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F5 ( 130.813Hz - 698.456Hz )


STANDARD STRING SEXTET :

Violin 1
CONCERT RANGE : G3 - C#6 ( 195.998Hz - 1108.73Hz )

Violin 2
CONCERT RANGE : G3 - C#6 ( 195.998Hz - 1108.73Hz )

Viola 1
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F#5 ( 130.813Hz - 739.989Hz )

Viola 2
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F#5 ( 130.813Hz - 739.989Hz )

Cello 1
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F5 ( 130.813Hz - 698.456Hz )

Cello 2
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F5 ( 130.813Hz - 698.456Hz )


STANDARD STRING OCTET :

Violin 1
CONCERT RANGE : G3 - C#6 ( 195.998Hz - 1108.73Hz )

Violin 2
CONCERT RANGE : G3 - C#6 ( 195.998Hz - 1108.73Hz )

Violin 3
CONCERT RANGE : G3 - C#6 ( 195.998Hz - 1108.73Hz )

Violin 4
CONCERT RANGE : G3 - C#6 ( 195.998Hz - 1108.73Hz )

Viola 1
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F#5 ( 130.813Hz - 739.989Hz )

Viola 2
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F#5 ( 130.813Hz - 739.989Hz )

Cello 1
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F5 ( 130.813Hz - 698.456Hz )

Cello 2
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F5 ( 130.813Hz - 698.456Hz )


-- PIANO TRIO --

STANDARD PIANO TRIO :

Piano
WRITTEN AND CONCERT RANGE : A1 - C7 ( 55.0000Hz - 2093.00Hz )

Violin
CONCERT RANGE : G3 - C#6 ( 195.998Hz - 1108.73Hz )

Cello
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F5 ( 130.813Hz - 698.456Hz )


-- BASIC LARGE WOODWIND ENSEMBLE --

Flute 1
PRACTICAL : C4 - A6 ( 261.626Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST EFFECTIVE : G4 - A6 ( 391.995Hz -  1760.00Hz )

Flute 2
PRACTICAL : C4 - A6 ( 261.626Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST EFFECTIVE : G4 - A6 ( 391.995Hz -  1760.00Hz )

Oboe 1
MOST EFFECTIVE : F4 - F6 ( 349.228Hz - 1396.91Hz )
PRACTICAL : F4 - A6 ( 349.228Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST NOTES POSSIBLE : Bb3 - A6 ( 233.082Hz - 1760.00Hz )

Oboe 2
MOST EFFECTIVE : F4 - F6 ( 349.228Hz - 1396.91Hz )
PRACTICAL : F4 - A6 ( 349.228Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST NOTES POSSIBLE : Bb3 - A6 ( 233.082Hz - 1760.00Hz )

Clarinet 1
MOST EFFECTIVE : D3 - C6 ( 146.832Hz - 1046.50Hz )
PRACTICAL : D3 - A6 ( 146.832Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : D3 - D7 ( 146.832Hz - 2349.32Hz )

Clarinet 2
MOST EFFECTIVE : D3 - C6 ( 146.832Hz - 1046.50Hz )
PRACTICAL : D3 - A6 ( 146.832Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : D3 - D7 ( 146.832Hz - 2349.32Hz )

Bassoon 1
PRACTICAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb1 - A4 ( 58.2705Hz - 440.000Hz )
MOST NOTES POSSIBLE : Bb1 - E5 ( 58.2705Hz - 659.255Hz )

Bassoon 2
PRACTICAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb1 - A4 ( 58.2705Hz - 440.000Hz )
MOST NOTES POSSIBLE : Bb1 - E5 ( 58.2705Hz - 659.255Hz )

French Horn 1
MOST EFFECTIVE : F3 - C5 ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
PRACTICAL : F3 - C5  ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : B1 - F5 ( 61.7354Hz - 698.456Hz )

French Horn 2
MOST EFFECTIVE : F3 - C5 ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
PRACTICAL : F3 - C5  ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : B1 - F5 ( 61.7354Hz - 698.456Hz )

*Basic large woodwind ensemble can be expanded by adding extra pairs of woodwind family instruments such as
2 piccolos, 2 Eb clarinets, 2 Bass clarinets, 2 English Horns, 2 Contrabassoons...


-- JAZZ ENSEMBLES --

BIG BAND COMBINATIONS ( SAXAPHONE, BRASS, STRING AND RHYTHM SECTIONS ) :

SAXAPHONE SECTION COMBINATIONS :

Saxaphone section combination 1 :

Alto saxaphone 1
MOST EFFECTIVE : C4 - F5 ( 261.626Hz - 698.456Hz )
PRACTICAL : F3 - F5 ( 174.614Hz - 698.456Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : Db3 - Ab5 ( 138.591Hz - 830.609Hz )

Alto saxaphone 2
MOST EFFECTIVE : C4 - F5 ( 261.626Hz - 698.456Hz )
PRACTICAL : F3 - F5 ( 174.614Hz - 698.456Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : Db3 - Ab5 ( 138.591Hz - 830.609Hz )

Tenor saxaphone 1
MOST EFFECTIVE : F3 - C5 ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
PRACTICAL : C3 - C5 ( 130.813Hz - 523.251Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : Ab2 - Eb5 ( 103.826Hz - 622.254Hz )

Tenor saxaphone 2
MOST EFFECTIVE : F3 - C5 ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
PRACTICAL : C3 - C5 ( 130.813Hz - 523.251Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : Ab2 - Eb5 ( 103.826Hz - 622.254Hz )

Saxaphone section combination 2 :

Alto saxaphone
MOST EFFECTIVE : C4 - F5 ( 261.626Hz - 698.456Hz )
PRACTICAL : F3 - F5 ( 174.614Hz - 698.456Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : Db3 - Ab5 ( 138.591Hz - 830.609Hz )

Tenor saxaphone 1
MOST EFFECTIVE : F3 - C5 ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
PRACTICAL : C3 - C5 ( 130.813Hz - 523.251Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : Ab2 - Eb5 ( 103.826Hz - 622.254Hz )

Tenor saxaphone 2
MOST EFFECTIVE : F3 - C5 ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
PRACTICAL : C3 - C5 ( 130.813Hz - 523.251Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : Ab2 - Eb5 ( 103.826Hz - 622.254Hz )

Baritone saxaphone
MOST EFFECTIVE : F2 - C4 ( 87.3071Hz - 261.626Hz )
PRACTICAL : Db2 - C4 ( 69.2957Hz - 261.626Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : C2 - Ab4 ( 65.4064Hz - 415.305Hz )

Saxaphone section combination 3 :

Alto saxaphone 1
MOST EFFECTIVE : C4 - F5 ( 261.626Hz - 698.456Hz )
PRACTICAL : F3 - F5 ( 174.614Hz - 698.456Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : Db3 - Ab5 ( 138.591Hz - 830.609Hz )

Alto saxaphone 2
MOST EFFECTIVE : C4 - F5 ( 261.626Hz - 698.456Hz )
PRACTICAL : F3 - F5 ( 174.614Hz - 698.456Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : Db3 - Ab5 ( 138.591Hz - 830.609Hz )

Tenor saxaphone
MOST EFFECTIVE : F3 - C5 ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
PRACTICAL : C3 - C5 ( 130.813Hz - 523.251Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : Ab2 - Eb5 ( 103.826Hz - 622.254Hz )

Baritone saxaphone
MOST EFFECTIVE : F2 - C4 ( 87.3071Hz - 261.626Hz )
PRACTICAL : Db2 - C4 ( 69.2957Hz - 261.626Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : C2 - Ab4 ( 65.4064Hz - 415.305Hz )

Saxaphone section combination 4 :

Alto saxaphone 1
MOST EFFECTIVE : C4 - F5 ( 261.626Hz - 698.456Hz )
PRACTICAL : F3 - F5 ( 174.614Hz - 698.456Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : Db3 - Ab5 ( 138.591Hz - 830.609Hz )

Alto saxaphone 2
MOST EFFECTIVE : C4 - F5 ( 261.626Hz - 698.456Hz )
PRACTICAL : F3 - F5 ( 174.614Hz - 698.456Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : Db3 - Ab5 ( 138.591Hz - 830.609Hz )

Tenor saxaphone 1
MOST EFFECTIVE : F3 - C5 ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
PRACTICAL : C3 - C5 ( 130.813Hz - 523.251Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : Ab2 - Eb5 ( 103.826Hz - 622.254Hz )

Tenor saxaphone 2
MOST EFFECTIVE : F3 - C5 ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
PRACTICAL : C3 - C5 ( 130.813Hz - 523.251Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : Ab2 - Eb5 ( 103.826Hz - 622.254Hz )

Baritone saxaphone
MOST EFFECTIVE : F2 - C4 ( 87.3071Hz - 261.626Hz )
PRACTICAL : Db2 - C4 ( 69.2957Hz - 261.626Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : C2 - Ab4 ( 65.4064Hz - 415.305Hz )

BRASS SECTION :

Trumpet
MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb3 - G6 ( 233.082Hz - 1567.98Hz )
PRACTICAL : Bb3 - Db6 ( 233.082Hz - 1108.73Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : E3 - G6 ( 164.814Hz - 1567.98Hz )

Trombone
PRACTICAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : E2 - G4 ( 82.4069Hz - 391.995Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : G1 - A6 ( 48.9994Hz - 1760.00Hz )

Bass Trombone
MOST EFFECTIVE : C2 - E4 ( 65.4064Hz - 329.628Hz )
PRACTICAL : Bb1 - F4 ( 58.2705Hz - 349.228Hz )

RHYTHM SECTION :

Piano
WRITTEN AND CONCERT RANGE : A1 - C7 ( 55.0000Hz - 2093.00Hz )

Guitar
CONCERT RANGE : E2 - C6 ( 82.4069Hz - 1046.50Hz )
24FRET ELECTRIC GUITAR : E2 - E6 ( 82.4069Hz - 1318.51Hz )

Double Bass
CONCERT RANGE : E2 - E4 ( 82.4069Hz - 329.628Hz )

or Electric Bass
MOST EFFECTIVE : G1 - G3 ( 48.9994Hz - 195.998Hz )
PRACTICAL : E1 - G3 ( 41.2034Hz - 195.998Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : E1 - G4 ( 41.2034Hz - 391.995Hz )

Drumkit


STRING SECTIONS :

*See string combinations above


-- COMPONENTS OF THE HAYDN TYPE ORCHESTRA --

WOODWINDS :

2 Flutes
PRACTICAL : C4 - A6 ( 261.626Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST EFFECTIVE : G4 - A6 ( 391.995Hz -  1760.00Hz )

2 Oboes
MOST EFFECTIVE : F4 - F6 ( 349.228Hz - 1396.91Hz )
PRACTICAL : F4 - A6 ( 349.228Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST NOTES POSSIBLE : Bb3 - A6 ( 233.082Hz - 1760.00Hz )

2 Bassoons
PRACTICAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb1 - A4 ( 58.2705Hz - 440.000Hz )
MOST NOTES POSSIBLE : Bb1 - E5 ( 58.2705Hz - 659.255Hz )

BRASS :

2 French horns
MOST EFFECTIVE : F3 - C5 ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
PRACTICAL : F3 - C5  ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : B1 - F5 ( 61.7354Hz - 698.456Hz )

STRINGS :

2 Violins
CONCERT RANGE : G3 - C#6 ( 195.998Hz - 1108.73Hz )

1 Viola
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F#5 ( 130.813Hz - 739.989Hz )

1 Cello
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F5 ( 130.813Hz - 698.456Hz )

1 Double bass / Contrabass
CONCERT RANGE : E2 - E4 ( 82.4069Hz - 329.628Hz )

PERCUSSION :

1 Timpani


-- COMPONENTS OF THE MAHLER AND STRAUSS TYPE ORCHESTRAS --

WOODWINDS :

3 Flutes
MOST EFFECTIVE : G3 - A5 ( 195.998Hz - 880.000Hz )
PRACTICAL : G3 - G6 ( 195.998Hz - 1567.98Hz )

1 Piccolo
PRACTICAL : D5 - C7 ( 587.330Hz - 2093.00Hz )
MOST EFFECTIVE : G5 - C7 ( 783.991Hz - 2093.00Hz )

3 Oboes
MOST EFFECTIVE : F4 - F6 ( 349.228Hz - 1396.91Hz )
PRACTICAL : F4 - A6 ( 349.228Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST NOTES POSSIBLE : Bb3 - A6 ( 233.082Hz - 1760.00Hz )

1 English Horn
MOST EFFECTIVE : E3 - Eb5 ( 164.814Hz - 622.254Hz )
PRACTICAL : E3 - C6 ( 164.814Hz - 1046.50Hz )

3 Clarinets
MOST EFFECTIVE : D3 - C6 ( 146.832Hz - 1046.50Hz )
PRACTICAL : D3 - A6 ( 146.832Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : D3 - D7 ( 146.832Hz - 2349.32Hz )

1 Bass Clarinet
MOST EFFECTIVE : D2 - C4 ( 73.4162Hz - 261.626Hz )
PRACTICAL : D2 - C5 ( 73.4162Hz - 523.251Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : D2 - F5 ( 73.4162Hz - 698.456Hz )

3 Bassoons
PRACTICAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb1 - A4 ( 58.2705Hz - 440.000Hz )
MOST NOTES POSSIBLE : Bb1 - E5 ( 58.2705Hz - 659.255Hz )

1 Contrabassoon
PRACTCAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb1 - C4 ( 58.2705Hz - 261.626Hz )


BRASS :

6 French Horns
MOST EFFECTIVE : F3 - C5 ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
PRACTICAL : F3 - C5  ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : B1 - F5 ( 61.7354Hz - 698.456Hz )

4 Trumpets
MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb3 - G6 ( 233.082Hz - 1567.98Hz )
PRACTICAL : Bb3 - Db6 ( 233.082Hz - 1108.73Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : E3 - G6 ( 164.814Hz - 1567.98Hz )

4 Tronbones
PRACTICAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : E2 - G4 ( 82.4069Hz - 391.995Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : G1 - A6 ( 48.9994Hz - 1760.00Hz )

1 Tuba
MOST EFFECTIVE : F1 - F3 ( 43.6535Hz - 174.614Hz )
PRACTICAL : F1 - Bb3 ( 43.6535Hz - 233.082Hz )

HARPS :

2 Harps
WRITTEN AND CONCERT RANGE : Cb1 - G6 ( 30.8677Hz - 1567.98Hz )

STRINGS :

18 1st Violins
CONCERT RANGE : G3 - C#6 ( 195.998Hz - 1108.73Hz )

16 2nd Violins
CONCERT RANGE : G3 - C#6 ( 195.998Hz - 1108.73Hz )

12 Violas
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F#5 ( 130.813Hz - 739.989Hz )

10 Cellos
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F5 ( 130.813Hz - 698.456Hz )

8 Double Basses / Contrabass
CONCERT RANGE : E2 - E4 ( 82.4069Hz - 329.628Hz )

PERCUSSION :

4 Timpani

1 Glockenspiel
G5 to C8 ( 783.991Hz - 4186.01Hz )

1 Tenor drum

1 Bass Drum

1 Chimes

1 Xylophone
PRACTICAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : F4 - C7 ( 349.228Hz - 2093.00Hz )


-- COMPONENTS OF A FULL ORCHESTRAL SCORE --

WOODWIND :

1 Piccolo
PRACTICAL : D5 - C7 ( 587.330Hz - 2093.00Hz )
MOST EFFECTIVE : G5 - C7 ( 783.991Hz - 2093.00Hz )

2 Flutes
PRACTICAL : C4 - A6 ( 261.626Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST EFFECTIVE : G4 - A6 ( 391.995Hz -  1760.00Hz )

2 Oboes
MOST EFFECTIVE : F4 - F6 ( 349.228Hz - 1396.91Hz )
PRACTICAL : F4 - A6 ( 349.228Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST NOTES POSSIBLE : Bb3 - A6 ( 233.082Hz - 1760.00Hz )

1 English horn
MOST EFFECTIVE : E3 - Eb5 ( 164.814Hz - 622.254Hz )
PRACTICAL : E3 - C6 ( 164.814Hz - 1046.50Hz )

1 Eb clarinet
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2 Bb clarinets
MOST EFFECTIVE : D3 - C6 ( 146.832Hz - 1046.50Hz )
PRACTICAL : D3 - A6 ( 146.832Hz - 1760.00Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : D3 - D7 ( 146.832Hz - 2349.32Hz )

1 Bass Clarinet
MOST EFFECTIVE : D2 - C4 ( 73.4162Hz - 261.626Hz )
PRACTICAL : D2 - C5 ( 73.4162Hz - 523.251Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : D2 - F5 ( 73.4162Hz - 698.456Hz )

2 Bassoons
PRACTICAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb1 - A4 ( 58.2705Hz - 440.000Hz )
MOST NOTES POSSIBLE : Bb1 - E5 ( 58.2705Hz - 659.255Hz )

1 Contrabassoon
PRACTCAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb1 - C4 ( 58.2705Hz - 261.626Hz )

BRASS :

4 French horns
MOST EFFECTIVE : F3 - C5 ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
PRACTICAL : F3 - C5  ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : B1 - F5 ( 61.7354Hz - 698.456Hz )

3 Trumpets
MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb3 - G6 ( 233.082Hz - 1567.98Hz )
PRACTICAL : Bb3 - Db6 ( 233.082Hz - 1108.73Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : E3 - G6 ( 164.814Hz - 1567.98Hz )

3 Trombones
PRACTICAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : E2 - G4 ( 82.4069Hz - 391.995Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : G1 - A6 ( 48.9994Hz - 1760.00Hz )

1 Tuba
MOST EFFECTIVE : F1 - F3 ( 43.6535Hz - 174.614Hz )
PRACTICAL : F1 - Bb3 ( 43.6535Hz - 233.082Hz )

STRINGS :

2 Violin
CONCERT RANGE : G3 - C#6 ( 195.998Hz - 1108.73Hz )

1 Viola
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F#5 ( 130.813Hz - 739.989Hz )

1 Cello
CONCERT RANGE : C3 - F5 ( 130.813Hz - 698.456Hz )

1 Contrabass / Double bass
CONCERT RANGE : E2 - E4 ( 82.4069Hz - 329.628Hz )


-- COMPONENTS OF A BIG BAND SCORE --

SAXAPHONE SECTION :

2 Alto saxaphones
MOST EFFECTIVE : C4 - F5 ( 261.626Hz - 698.456Hz )
PRACTICAL : F3 - F5 ( 174.614Hz - 698.456Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : Db3 - Ab5 ( 138.591Hz - 830.609Hz )

2 Tenor saxaphones
MOST EFFECTIVE : F3 - C5 ( 174.614Hz - 523.251Hz )
PRACTICAL : C3 - C5 ( 130.813Hz - 523.251Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : Ab2 - Eb5 ( 103.826Hz - 622.254Hz )

1 Baritone saxaphone
MOST EFFECTIVE : F2 - C4 ( 87.3071Hz - 261.626Hz )
PRACTICAL : Db2 - C4 ( 69.2957Hz - 261.626Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : C2 - Ab4 ( 65.4064Hz - 415.305Hz )

TRUMPET SECTION :

4 Trumpets
MOST EFFECTIVE : Bb3 - G6 ( 233.082Hz - 1567.98Hz )
PRACTICAL : Bb3 - Db6 ( 233.082Hz - 1108.73Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : E3 - G6 ( 164.814Hz - 1567.98Hz )

TROMBONE SECTION :

4 Trombones
PRACTICAL AND MOST EFFECTIVE : E2 - G4 ( 82.4069Hz - 391.995Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : G1 - A6 ( 48.9994Hz - 1760.00Hz )

RHYTHM SECTION :

1 Guitar
CONCERT RANGE : E2 - C6 ( 82.4069Hz - 1046.50Hz )
24FRET ELECTRIC GUITAR : E2 - E6 ( 82.4069Hz - 1318.51Hz )

1 Bass ( electric )
MOST EFFECTIVE : G1 - G3 ( 48.9994Hz - 195.998Hz )
PRACTICAL : E1 - G3 ( 41.2034Hz - 195.998Hz )
MOST POSSIBLE NOTES : E1 - G4 ( 41.2034Hz - 391.995Hz )

or 1 Double bass / Contrabass
CONCERT RANGE : E2 - E4 ( 82.4069Hz - 329.628Hz )

1 Piano
WRITTEN AND CONCERT RANGE : A1 - C7 ( 55.0000Hz - 2093.00Hz )

PERCUSSION SECTION :

1 Drumkit

---------------------------------------------------------
( Ding Baozhen, Miyamoto Musashi et al. )
---------------------------------------------------------


 


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Also tagged with one or more of these keywords: Orchestra structure, ensemble, trio, quartet, quintet, sexet, octet, big band