I always wondered, why is the frequency tooltip in the spectrum analyzer displaying a note one octave higher than one would expect?

# Frequency tooltip in spectrum panel

Personally I had not noticed this detail. It seems that octave 0 is ignored and octave 11 is out of place. That is, all notes are shifted an entire octave. If itâs a mistake, itâs a very absurd mistake that probably only involves changing a single number somewhere under the hood.

The range we handle in the instruments is from octave 0 to octave 9, that is, only 10 octaves. The spectrum handles 11 octaves (currently from 1 to 11). Should it be from 0 to 10?

- Frequence range of the spectrum: 20Hz from 22.000Hz
- Reference notes: D#1 from F-11

- As a reference the C-8 note for a âideal theoreticianâ virtual piano the frequence is ~4186 HZ.
- The spectrum show a frequence to C-8 of ~2034Hz.

According to this criterion, there is a full octave displaced.

My music theory book states:

subcontra: 2c

contra: 1c

grand: C

small: c

one-striped: c1

two-striped: c2

three-striped: c3

âŚup to six-striped: c6

In 1939 established in London: the a from the one-striped octave is 440 Hz.

So, basicly itâs not a notation of 1-10.

Different DAWs, different octaves. So thereâs really nothing to complain about there.

However, Renoise should be consistent with itself imo.

Itâs not even really an issue. Itâs just that it has been like this forever and it doesnât match with the noteâs names in the editor so Iâve always wondered whether this was intentional or just an oversight

I wish it would display cents

@taktik, could you explain why this is so? Observing the scheme used by Renoise of 10 octaves, beginning with **octave 0** and ending with **octave 9**, it seems totally out of place, not consistent, that the spectrum shows a whole octave displaced, with the following data:

- Start:
**20â00 Hz -> D#1**(does the entire octave 0 have no frequency range?) - Final:
**22.027â58 Hz -> F-11** - Intermediate:
**131â00 Hz -> C-4** - Intermediate:
**220â00 Hz -> A-4** - Intermediate:
**440â00 Hz -> A-5**

Shouldnât this start at approximately 10Hz in C-0 and ending in F-10? Thus, the eighth 0 would be represented and would fit with **A-4 at 440Hz**, which is a clear reference for many musicians.

The octaves are correct because they double the frequency in each note, but they appear to be displaced an entire octave. Why is this way of measuring it useful as it is now? I would say it has no logic.

If there is no consensus here, could you add an option to be able to shift the frequency to adjust it to the octave that the user wants? If this really is a mistake, it should be corrected.

For example, in a classic well-tuned piano, the **C-4 should return 262Hz**, and the **A-4 should return 440Hz**.

Octave notations arenât written in stone, but there a more common and less common ones. Renoise (and other trackers) uses the one the using to avoid using negative numbers in the pattern. Theyâd require one more character in the pattern editor.

This definitely is causing confusion, but using multiple different notations within Renoise would be even more confusing.

Yes, if the octave range is fine, from 0 to 9 we have 10 octaves and they are all positive notes. But in this thread we are referring to the fact that the frequency shown in the notes in the spectrum is displaced one octave. Here is a screenshot:

Here it shows that the frequency in Hz is up one octave. Shouldnât the A-4 note be for 440 Hz?

In other words, lowering the frequency one octave does not imply that the first octave starts at -1. You can keep octaves 0 to 9 and **correct the frequencies shown in the Spectrum (above**). The correction would be to lower the frequency of all the notes a octave. The tracker would continue to use the octave range from 0 to 9, but the frequency would be one octave below.

When performing the correction for the frequency data for each note, we could use the reference that all musicians have, which we start with **A-4 -> 440Hz**.

The spectrum doesnât even show you frequencies for the range of notes of the octave 0, when Renoise uses the octave 0.

According to the âinternational acoustic indexâ, **C-0** should start with approximately **16Hz**. And **B-9** would be over **15.804 Hz**:

**C-0 -> 16â352 Hz****B-9 -> 15.804â300 Hz**

Exactly. As Renoise uses a 0 based octave notation and not the more common -2 notation for the reasons mentioned above, the note octave displayed in the spectrum view is using the 0 based octave notation too.

In other words: youâll need to enter a A-5 of a well tuned instrument into the pattern to get a 440 Hz sound. Thatâs what the tooltip refers to.

I donât want to waste your time with this. If that criterion is correct, there is nothing more to say.

But, I do not understand this criterion. All the tables that I am consulting on the internet start with C-0 from 16Hz. They pass through A-4 = 440Hz. That is, the range used is from octave 0 to octave 10 (and they have A-4 = 440Hz). I find typical information like this:

https://pages.mtu.edu/~suits/notefreqs.html

or some as this:

Regardless of all this, according to this criterion of Renoise, the spectro cannot show frequencies for the entire octave 0 and part of the octave 1. What? And instead, it shows frequencies for octave 10 and octave 11, which Renoise does not use. Is this reasonable?

Wouldnât it be more reasonable for the Spectrum to start from C-0 = 16Hz, and so all the notes would be represented?

The C note of octave -1 at what frequency should it start? What systems use octave -1 for Renoise to have an entire octave displaced in the Spectrum?

In fact, I have done a deep search for **A-5 440Hz**, and ânobodyâ talks about it. If anyone knows the reason, explain to me the origin of all this, please. Is there any incompatibility with some format of old tracker or something? Is there any other DAW or music program that uses this criterion that returns A-5 = 440Hz?

i think that you just need to âthinkâ one octave lower in order to get corresponding âtrueâ frequency chart, as i understood @taktikâs reply?

thatâs why a5 (in renoise) = 440hz instead a4

is that correct taktik?

I stubmled over some plugins a while ago (I guess it were some midi filter plugins from X42) where it was also different.

I donât know if it is related, but following my study on this topic I found this:

https://en.scratch-wiki.info/wiki/MIDI_Notes

There are 128 notes on the MIDI keyboard, numbered from 0 (C- (-1) octave -1, about 8.18 Hz) to 127 (G9, 12500 Hz). Each note is 1 higher than the previous, and the ratio of frequency is always 12â2 (approximately 1.06), with A4 being 440 Hz.

As I understand it, the range of octaves -1 to 9 has also been used for MIDI, but the frequencies are equal to the range 0 to 10.

**C- (-1) = 8â18 Hz**

Therefore C-0 would remain 16â36Hz (the double). This is what I am seeing everywhere. But Renoise starts with C-1 = 16 Hz. I still donât understand why. I always take as a reference that the range to be used is octave 0 to octave 9. The representation of the notes in the spectro should be as representative as possible (that is, not having notes outside the spectro, and not having unused notes within the spectrum as far as possible). That is why I ask why the chosen criteria. The reference of A-4 = 440Hz is very old, long before Renoise exists.

Yes this thread is valid criticism imho.

Also the value of the tooltip is greatly diminished in that it does neither display cents nor hz difference to the perfect tuning.