# Naming different types of triplets + Tuplet explanation.

_ TUPLET:

tuplet / irrational rhythm or groupings / artificial division or groupings / abnormal divisions / irregular rhythm
/ gruppetto / extra-metric groupings / contrametric rhythm.

Any rhythm that involves dividing the beat into a different number of equal subdivisions
from that usually permitted by the time-signature ( triplets, quintuplets etc. ).
A note value with a non-standard duration; a set of notes subdivided within a single beat.
Extrametric rhythmic units.

Three triplet eighth notes ( ‘quavers’ ) are equal in duration to one quarter note.

Tuplets can be denoted as a ratio ( eg. 5 : 4 )

For example :

Five notes played in the normal duration of four notes ( qunintuplet, 5 : 4 ).
Seven notes played in the normal duration of two ( septuplet, 7 : 2 )
Three notes played in the normal duration of four ( triplet 3 : 4 )

The ratio of a tuplet grouping depends on the time signature.
The first number of the ratio indicates how many notes there are in the tuplet.
The second number indicates how many note values that tuplet will occupy.
Therefore, three notes in the space of two ( 3 : 2 ) means that a triplet grouped with notes of
a particular value takes up the space of two notes of the same value.

In simple time ( 4/4 ), the second number of the ratio will either be a two, a four or an eight.
In compound time ( 3/4 ), the second number of the ratio will either be a three, a six or a nine.

Tuplets are named according to the number of irregular notes._

– TRIPLETS –

3 : 2

• ( A triplet is a group of three notes played inside another note-length.
It’s a portion of musical time that’s been split rhythmically into three equal parts.
A triplet group’s total duration is equal to two of the original note-values contained within.
For example, an eighth-note triplet spans two eighth-note beats (one quarter-note) and
a quarter-note triplet spans the length of a half-note.
Used in simple time to divide a beat that should contain two equal parts into three equal parts. )

– 3 in the duration of 1 / 8th of a beat, a thirty-second note ( ‘demisemiquaver’ ) = 64th-note triplets –

Sixty fourth-note triplets span the length of two normal sixty fourth-notes, or one thirty second-note.

– 3 in the duration of 1 / 4 of a beat, a sixteenth-note ( ‘semiquaver’ ) = 32nd-note triplets –

Thirty second-note triplets span the length of two normal thirty second notes, or one sixteenth note.

– 3 in the duration of 1 / 2 a beat, an eighth-note ( ‘quaver’ ) = 16th-note triplets –

Sixteenth-note triplets span the length of two normal sixteenth notes, or one eighth-note.

– 3 in the duration of 1 beat, a quarter-note ( ‘crotchet’ ) = 8th-note triplets –

Eighth-note triplets span the length of two normal eighth-notes, or one quarter-note.

– 3 in the duration of 2 beats, a half-note ( ‘minim’ ) = Quarter-note triplets –

Quarter-note triplets span the length of two normal quarter notes, or one half-note.

– 3 in the duration of 4 beats, a whole-note ( ‘semibreve’ ) = Half-note triplets –

Half-note triplets span the length of two normal half-notes, or one whole note.

OTHER TUPLETS :

– DUPLETS –

2 : 3

*( A duplet is a group of two notes, which spans three of its note-type.
Used in compound time ( 3/4 ) to divide a beat that should contain three parts into two equal parts.
Duplets work like triplets, except in reverse.
Duplets are used to put two notes in a space where there should be three.
For example : dividing a dotted quarter note into two duplet eighth notes instead of three
( using divisions of 2 in 3/4 time ).

TRIPLETS - ( above )

4 : 3

*A quadruplet is a note-grouping of four, played in the length of three of its note-type.
For example, sixteenth-note quadruplets span three normal sixteenth-notes.
If the quadruplet spans more than three notes, it is designated a ratio such as 4:5 or 4:6;
meaning four notes in place of five or six. )

– QUINTUPLETS –

5 : 4

*( A quintuplet is a group of five notes, which – in simple meter ( 4/4 )– fits into the length of four of its note-type.
In compound meter ( 3/4 ), five notes take the place of three.
five quintuplet eighth notes total the same duration as a half note.
In 4/4 time (simple meter), eighth-note quintuplets span four normal eighth-notes.
In 6/8 time (compound meter), quintuplets span the length of three eighth-notes.
The quintuplet may be designated a ratio, such as 5:4 or 5:3: Five notes for every four or three, respectively. )

– SEXTUPLETS –

6 : 4

[i]*( A sextuplet is a note-grouping of six, which is played inside the length of four of its note-type.
For example, a sextuplet written with eighth-notes spans four normal (or “straight” eighth-notes. )

This six-part division may be regarded either as a triplet with each note divided in half
(2 + 2 + 2)—therefore with an accent on the first, third, and fifth notes
or as an ordinary duple pattern with each note subdivided into triplets (3 + 3)
and accented on both the first and fourth notes.[/i]

– SEPTUPLETS –

7 : 4

*( A septuplet is a note-grouping of seven, commonly played in the length of four or six of its note-type.
For example, seven eighth-notes spanning four normal (or “straight”) eighth-notes.
a septuplet lasting a whole note can be written with either quarter notes (7:4) or eighth notes (7:8).
Two groups of 7:4 septuplets fit in one measure of common time.
One eighth-note septuplet spans six straight eighths in 6/8 time.
it’s rare for a division of seven notes to appear in the middle of a song,
the time signature 7/8 tends to be used instead – that way, the entire song is affected. )

Please correct me if you can find mistakes from octuplets to tredecuplets.

– OCTUPLETS –

8 : 6

*( A group of eight musical notes to be performed in the time of six of the same value. )

– NONUPLETS –

9 : 8

*( A group of nine musical notes to be performed in the time of eight or six. )

– DECUPLETS –

10 : 8

*( A group of ten notes played in the time of eight. )

– UNDECUPLETS –

11 : 8

*( A group of 11 notes performed in the time of 8. )

– DODECUPLETS –

12 : 8

*( A group of 12 notes performed in the time of 8. )

– TREDECUPLETS –

13 : 8

*( A group of 13 notes performed in the time of 8. )

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